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77th Anniversary of Maeheon Yun Bong-gil's Patriotic Deed in Shanghai view
77th Anniversary of Maeheon Yun Bong-gil's Patriotic Deed in Shanghai
Date 2009-04-30 오후 9:30:52 View 2112
* When: 10:00 AM of April 29(Wed)
* Where: - Lusin Park, Shanghai, China
- Maeheon Memorial Hall and Chungeuisa (Shrine for patriot Yun Bong-gil) in Korea

A ceremony was held to commemorate the 77th anniversary of Yun Bong-gil`s bombing in Shanghai at 10:00 AM of April 29(Wed) at Lusin Park, Shanghai, China hosted by the Association for Memorial Services of Patriot Yun Bong-gil. His heroic act marked a milestone in the independence movement of Korea during the Japanese colonial period.

The ceremony held in Lusin Park was attended by 200 people including members of the Association for Memorial Services of Patriot Yun, Korean consulates, Korean expatriates, officials of Hong Kou District. Speeches were delivered by Chairman Kam Hak-jun (read by vice chairman Kim Dal-su) of the Association and Kim Jeong-gi, the Korean Consul General in Shanghai, and Eung Myeong-yong vice mayor of the Hong Kou District, then attendees sang Yun Bong-gil song.

Yun Bong-gil (1908. 6.21~1932.12.19) was born in Yesan, Korea. In the wake of the March first movement in 1919, he quit the school in abhorrence to the Japanese colonization education and attended Ochi Seosuk (a village school that taught Korean and Chinese).

In 1928, he opened an evening class in his hometown to teach children of farmers and he organized "Woljinhoe" to wage enlightenment movement for rural communities in 1929. He published Nongmin Dokbon (an agrarian reader) to encourage unity of the farmers and nurture nationalism and patriotic spirit. Under the oppression of the Japanese, he took refuge to China and joined Korean Patriotic Association led by Baekbeom Kim Gu and volunteered to carry out the bombing in Shanghai.

The Japanese was supposed to celebrate their occupation of Shanghai at Hong Kou Park on the occasion of the birthday of the Japanese Emperor, but Yun went to the place of celebration to throw a bomb which injured many Japanese military leaders, setting a milestone in the independence movement of Korea and contributing to the alliance between China and Korea. Yun was arrested on the spot and went through severe torture and interrogation by the Japanese military police and was sentenced to death by a single military trial on May 25. After being transferred to Japan in November 18th, he was shot to death at 7:40 AM on December 19 of the year, when he was 25.

The remains of Patriot Yun along with those of Lee Bong-chang and Baek Jeong-gi were brought home at the behest of Patriot Kim Gu and reburied on "Three Patriots` Graves" inside Hyochang Park on June 30th, 1946.

In order to honor his contribution to the country, the Korean government posthumously conferred on him the Daehan Minguk Jang (the Order of the Republic of Korea) in 1962.