- Country Profile
UN Allies Location Northwestern Europe Capital Amsterdam Population 16,570,613 (June 2007) Area 41,526㎢ (1/5 the size of the Korean peninsula) Race composition German (83%), Others (17%) Religion Catholic (32%), Dutch Protestant (15%), No sect (40%) Form of government Constitutional monarchy system Language Germany, French Currency Euro (€) Independence Day Jan, 23, 1579 (from Spain) National holiday Apr. 30 (Queen's Day) Date of diplomatic relationship established Apr. 4, 1961 Military attache establishment in Netherlands (German military attache taking the responsibility), in Korea (not established)
- Key Roles
The Dutch and Belgian Battalions were well-trained and had a strong sense of responsibility. Many of the soldiers from these countries also could speak English, so they had no difficulty communicating with the US troops.
The Dutch Battalion arrived in Korea on October 24, 1950, and finished adaptation training by the end of December 1950. Then the battalion was assigned to the US 2nd Division and took part in fierce battles in the central forward area. Particularly important was the battalion’s engagement with the NK 5th Army at the battle of Wonju. At this battle, the Dutch soldiers killed or captured 1,100 North Korean troops. It was an astonishing military achievement.
Participation History Unit Participation Period Note Army Dutch Battalion Nov. 1950 to Dec. 1954 Assigned to the US 2nd Division Marine Evertsen Jul. 1950 to Apr. 1951 Assigned to the West Sea Supportive Battle Corp Van Galen Apr. 1951 to Mar. 1952 〃 Piet Hein Mar. 1952 to Jan. 1953 〃 Van Nassau Jan. 1953 to Nov. 1953 〃 Dubois Nov. 1953 to Sept. 1954 〃 Van Zijil Sept. 1954 to Jan. 1955 〃
Casualty Statistics Total KIA WIA MIA POW 768 120 645 - 3
- Key Battles
Battle of Hoengseong (1951 2. 12~13)
Fully armed Netherlands soldier
This was the battle in which the Netherlands Battalion fought against the Chinese Communist surprise attack at Hoengseong while assisting the retreating troops (the U.S. Force and the South Korean Force) from the battle zone. When the South Korean and the U.S. Force were retreating due to the Chinese Communist February Offensive advancement from Hoengseong to Hongcheon on Feb. 12, 1951, this Battalion was assisting the retreat of these forces at Hoengseong. The condition of the retreat was such that the Netherlands Battalion couldn't tell the friendly force from the enemy. As the night fell, the Chinese Communist Army disguised as the South Korea Force infiltrating the right rear flank of the Battalion and made a surprise attack on the Battalion Headquarters. This attack killed the Battalion commander and paralyzed Battalion command functions. However, after the Heavy Weapon Company commander as a senior member of the unit took the command rights, the Company under his active command and control was able to engage in the battle with the infiltrated enemy and successfully retreated to Wonju by the dawn of Feb. 13.
Battle of Inje (1951. 5. 30~31)
This was the defensive battle in which the Netherlands Battalion fought against the North Korean Force’s attack while securing Hill 548 located 2km east of Inje. After the Chinese Communist 2nd Spring Offensive failed, the North Korean Force attacked Hill 548 which is a commanding hill for the purpose of capturing Inje to stop the U.N. Armed Forces counteroffensive. The Netherlands Battalion resisted with their heart and soul but the hill fell to the enemy’s hand. But the Battalion recaptured Hill 548 by launching an attack on the enemy from both flanks with the Battalion's Reserve Company. As a result of this battle, Inje, a strategic key point for future operations, was secured.
Battle of Daewoo Mt. (1951. 7. 15~31)
This was the offensive battle in which the Netherlands Battalion as a member of the U.S. 2nd Division were dispatched to the mid-eastern region near the Daeam Mt. (Hill 1038) - Dosol Mt. (Hill 1148) battle line to capture Daewoo Mt. (Hill 1179), a commanding hill in front of the defense line, and captured Daemeori Mt. (Hill 1120) located to the south of it. This Battalion took over this battle line on Jul. 15 and made a preparation to attack Daewoo Mt. while carrying out a reconnaissance mission. They captured a part of the hill by attacking Daemeori Mt. from the front on Jul. 27 but the attack failed due to the strong resistance of the enemy's defense force and the counterattack of the enemy's reserve force. Around this time, the U.S. Army that was the main force captured Daewoo Mt. on Jul. 29 after launching 4 attacks.
Battle of Byul Hill (10km South of Pyonggang ; 1952. 2. 18)
Netherlands Korean War
those who fell in Korea to
This was the battle in which the Netherlands Battalion attacked the enemy's outpost to capture prisoners. Following the Regiment Headquarters’ order to capture prisoners and destroy defense facilities by attacking Byul Hill (Hill 430), the outpost of the Chinese Communist Force located 1km front of the main defense line, the Netherlands Battalion selected one Company and attacked Byul Hill with the support of various available fire powers that included aircraft, artillery and tank gun.
After capturing Star Hill, this Company destroyed bunkers, grenades, land mines and ammunitions, and acquired a number of equipments before return. This Battalion gave the enemy heavy loss in this battle but did not capture many prisoners.