- Country Profile
country profile Location Southern Central Europe Capital Rome Population 58,147,733 (June 2007) Area 301,230㎢ (1.5 times the size of the Korean peninsula) Race composition Italian Religion Catholic (98%) Form of government Republic system Language Italian Currency Euro (€) Independence Day Mar. 17, 1861 (Italian Kingdom Proclamation) National holiday Jun. 2, 1946 (Anniversary of Republic Proclamation) Date of diplomatic relationship established Nov. 24, 1956 Military attache establishment Jan. 1961 in Italy, Aug. 1986 in Korea
- Key Roles
When the Korean War broke out, Italy was one of the NATO member nations, but was not a member of the United Nations. At that time the internal situation of Italy was also very insecure because of frequent changes in the Italian Cabinet. When the Red Cross requested help, Italy decided to send its Italian Red Cross Hospital 68 to Korea. The hospital unit arrived in November 1951. Italy was the last country that sent medical unit, and was also the only non-member state of the United Nations that sent troops to Korea.