- Country Profile
country profile Location African continent Capital Addis Ababa Population 76,511,877 (June 2007) Area 1,127,127㎢(5 times of the Korean peninsula) Race composition Approximately 90 races including Oromo(40%), Amhara(32%), Tigre(9%) Religion Ethiopia Orthodox(45%), Muslim(35%) and others Form of government Federal republic system Language Amharic Currency Birr Independence Day not available Date of diplomatic relationship established Dec. 23, 1963 Military attache establishment not established
- Key Roles
Ethiopia was attacked by Italy in 1935. Because of such an experience, Ethiopia showed a strong determination that the UN must take collective actions in order to maintain world peace. Although Ethiopia was not rich, they decided to follow the UN decision to dispatch troops to Korea.
The Ethiopian Battalion arrived in Korea on May 6, 1951. Upon arrival in Korea, the Ethiopian soldiers were armed with US equipment, and got eight weeks of adaptation training. It took quite a long time for the soldiers to adapt to a new modern weapons system and unfamiliar tactics, but they were quite enthusiastic about their training.
Three days after the Ethiopian Battalion was committed to the front, they had the first engagement with the Chinese forces at Bongdangdeokri in Hwachon area. They won the 4-hour battle, and through the battle the Ethiopian soldiers came to have confidence in combat. After that, they played a part in blocking Chinese attack in the central forward area.
Participation History Unit Participation Period Note
The 1st Kagnew Battalion
May 1951 to July 1952
Assigned to the 32nd Regiment of the 7th US Division
The 2nd Kagnew Battalion
July 1952 to Apr. 1953
The 3rd Kagnew Battalion
Apr. 1953 to unknown
Casualty Statistics Total KIA WIA MIA POW
- Key Battles
Battle of Jeokgeun Mt. Samhyun (Hill 700ㆍ602, 1951. 9. 21~22)
This was the battle in which the Ethiopia Battalion attacked Hill 700 and Hill 602, outposts of the Chinese Communist 200th Division it was facing while defending the main defense line located in the west of Jeokgeun Mt. It captured Hill 700 on the first day of attack but not Hill 602. On the second attack, it captured Hill 602 after fierce battle and destroyed defense facilities built on these two hills before return.
Battle of Samgak Hill (Hill 598, 1952. 10. 21~25)
This was the battle in which this Battalion fought against the Chinese Communist 45th Division near the Samgak Hill, north of Kimhwa, when fierce battles to take hills were taking place in all battle lines. As a part of the Samgak Hill defense plan by the U.S. 7th Division that captured the Samgak Hill - Sanggang pass area from the battle occurred from Oct. 14 to capture the hill in the north of Kimhwa, this battalion was dispatched to the west and rear side of the Samgak Hill and performed the mission to reinforce the defense capability of the hill from Oct. 21. 2 battalions from the 32nd Regiment of the U.S. 7th Division were already dispatched there. As the Chinese Communist that lost the Samgak Hill launched a counterattack on the night of Oct. 23 with 2 regiment size troops, a fierce fight took place in this hill. This Battalion defeated the battalion size Chinese Communist troop attack and made a big contribution in the Division's defending of the Samgak Hill.
Battle of York and Uncle Hill (Northwest of Yeoncheon ; 1953. 5. 19~20)
This was the battle in which the Ethiopia Battalion fought against the Chinese Communist 23rd Division at the York and Uncle Hill, the outpost of the main defense line located in front of Cheondeok Mt. (Hill 477) in north of Yeoncheon, while it was defending the main defense line. After a battalion size of Chinese Communist troops attacked the Yanggae outpost and a part of the main position on the night of May 19 and 20, a part of the outpost was captured by then enemy but this Battalion recaptured it by defeating the enemy with the efficient use of artillery support and hand to hand combat.
After the cease-fire agreement, the Ethiopia Battalion began leaving gradually and completed its withdrawal in Jan. 1965.