- Country Profile
country profile Location Western Europe Capital Luxembourg Population 480,222 (June 2007) Area 2,586㎢ (1/100 of the Korean Peninsula) Race composition Luxembourgish, German, French and others Religion Catholic (87%) Form of government Constitutional monarchy system Language Luxembourgish, French, German Currency Euro Form of government Constitutional monarchy system Independence Day in 1839 (from the Netherlands) Date of diplomatic relationship established Mar. 16, 1962 Military attache establishment Military attache in France taking the responsibility, no military attache in Korea
- Key Roles
The Luxemburg Platoon was the smallest among the UN forces, smaller than the minimum requirement of 1,000 troops for combat deployment. Luxemburg was an exceptional case.
Luxemburg has only a population of 200,000, so that they couldn’t dispatch a large number of troops. So they discussed the dispatch of troops with the government of Belgium and declared that they would dispatch their troops by including the Luxemburg Platoon to the Belgian Battalion. Ultimately, Luxembourg sent a 44- man volunteer infantry platoon to Korea in November 1950. This unit severed as part of the Belgian Battalion that was assigned to the 3rd US Infantry Division throughout the war.
Participation History Unit Participation Period Note Luxemburg Platoon(First) Jan. 1951 to Aug. 1951 Assigned to the Belgian Battalion Luxemburg Platoon(Second) Mar. 1952 to Jan. 1953 〃
Casualty Statistics Total KIA WIA MIA POW
- Key Battles
Battle of Geumgul Mt. (Wet of Jeonkok 6km ; 1951. 4. 22~25)
This was the battle in which the Belgium and Luxembourg Battalion fought against the Chinese Communist 188th Division during the Chinese Communist 1st Spring Offensive. This Battalion met with the Chinese Communist 1st Spring Offensive while defending Geumgul Mt. after being attached to the British Commonwealth 29th Brigade of the U.S. 3rd Division. If the Chinese Communist Army had captured the area, the roads over the Jeonkok - Yeoncheon - Cheolwon line could have been cut off and the troops retreating along that line could have been surrounded by the enemy. Therefore, the Battalion had to defend the position until the retreat of all troops adjacent on their right was completed. As the Chinese Communist Army dispatched a division size of troops to attack Geumgul Mt. and captured the bridge over Imjin River in the south of Geumgul Mt. that was a key point over the retreat path of the Battalion. Therefore the Battalion was surrounded by the enemy but it defended its position until the end. During this development, the retreat of adjacent troops was completed and the Battalion was able to retreat. While the U.N. Air Force was covering the vicinity of its position, the Battalion was divided into a walking formation and a vehicle formation. The line of vehicles stormed through the captured bridge with U.S. tank's support and the walking unit retreated to the Jeonkok direction after crossing the Imjin River, east of Geumgul Mt. Later, this Battalion was dispatched to Bongam-ri, 5km west of Dongducheon to assist the withdrawal of the British 29th Brigade troops in the battle zone and then it was withdrawn to Euijeongbu direction as a reserve unit.
Battle of Hakdang-ri (Hill 388, 1951. 10. 11~13)
This was the battle in which the Belgium and Luxembourg Battalion fought against enemy troops under the command of the Chinese Communist 78th Division. While carrying out the outpost guarding duty at Hill 388 located between Cheolwon and Pyonggang after being attached to the U.S. 3rd Division, the Battalion defeated Chinese Communist attacks launched twice on the night of 11, and defeated the Chinese Communist's 2 company size troop attack on the night of 12. The Battalion transferred the position to the 2nd Battalaion of the 65th Division and became a reserve unit after this battle.
Battle of Kimhwa Jatgol (1953. 2. 26~4. 21)
Lieutenant General Crahay,
the first commander of the Belgium
- Luxembourg Battalion,
revisiting Korea in 1976, 23 years
after his participation in the war
his was the battle in which the Belgium and Luxembourg Battalion fought against enemy troops under the command of the Chinese Communist 70th Division while defending the main defense line at Jatgol, 5km northwest of Kimhwa. During this period, the Battalion defeated several Chinese Communist attacks on the outpost and the main position and defended northern Kimhwa. Especially on Apr. 18 and 19, a regiment size of Chinese Communist troops attacked both the main defense line and outpost simultaneously but this Battalion defeated them with the artillery support of the Division and Army Corps.
After the cease-fire agreement, the Belgium and Luxembourg Battalion left in Jun. 1955.